WWI in the Herald: Archive
THURSDAY 22 APRIL 1915
The Admiralty states that as the Turks were making great efforts to secure the British submarine E15, which was still aground, but in a serviceable condition, the Allies’ battleships endeavoured to destroy it by long range fire, but failed.
On Sunday night two picket boats, under Lieutenant-commander Eric G. Robinson, of H.M.S. Triumph, with volunteer crews, attacked the submarine.
They were under heavy fire from the big guns at the fort, which was only a few hundred yards distant, and also fire from many smaller guns.
They succeeded in torpedoing the submarine, and rendering it useless.
One of the picket boats, from H.M.S. Majestic, was sunk by gunfire, but the other boat rescued the crew.
One man, who died from his wounds, was the only casualty.
Lieutenant-commander Robinson has been promoted to the rank of commander.
A press correspondent, writing from Salonica, says the Russians have mined the entrance to the Bosphorus.
Two Turkish destroyers have been blown up and sank, and the remainder of the Turkish fleet is unable to enter the Bosphorus, owing to the fact that the Turkish mine-sweepers are rapidly exhausting their coal supply.
The latest communique states that the enemy in the direction of Stry, in the Carpathians, gained a footing on the heights of Arawzik.
The Russians counter-attacked, and recaptured the position, taking a number of prisoners.
They mined a German trench at Eastern Rozankaranz and took the position at the point of the bayonet. Many prisoners and guns were captured.
Greek papers which have been received by the latest mail give some details of the reported naval disaster in the Dardanelles on March 18th, when the British battleships Irresistible, 15,000 tons, Ocean, 12,950 tons, and the French battleship Bouvet, 12,000 tons, were said to have been sunk by mines.
It appears from the Greek reports that when the ice began to melt in the Black Sea, at the beginning of spring, it caused a strong current in the Straits. Taking advantage of this, the Turks discharged a large number of torpedoes, which were carried by the current towards the Allies’ warships.
For some days afterwards the bodies of French and English sailors who lost their lives in the disaster were carried past the island of Zenedes by the current.
Greek women brought large quantities of flowers and threw them into the sea from the cliffs as the bodies were swept by.
(Two Australian chaplains returned from Egypt)
On board the R.M.S. Mooltan, which arrived at Fremantle on Monday, were two military chaplains, who accompanied the Australian Expeditionary Force to Egypt.
During the course of an interview one of them stated that the Australians had had a somewhat trying time during the last few weeks of their stay in Egypt. The weather, when the Expeditionary Force arrived, was all that could be desired, but towards the end sandstorms and heat made things very unpleasant.
“I am sure,” he added, “that the sands of Egypt contain all the filth of the Pharaohs. One day the sand completely blotted out the sun, and after the sand came a plague of locusts which were even worse than the sand. I might add that our hoys are doing splendidly, and that all that talk about misbehaviour has been greatly exaggerated.”
A bill to amend the War Precautions Act was read a first time, on the motion of Senator Pearce, the Minister for Defence, in the Senate today.
Power is given to the Governor-General to make regulations for securing the public safety and defence of the Commonwealth, and for conferring such power as he thinks fit upon Naval and Military Boards, and to make regulations to authorise the trial by court martial, and punishment of persons committing offences against the regulations.
The Minister is given power to require that the whole or any part of the output of any factory or workshop in which arms, ammunition, or warlike stores, or equipment are manufactured, shall be placed at his disposal, and if necessary, take possession of such factory.
In case of a court martial being held, a person may be proceeded against, and dealt with as if he were a person subject to military law, and had on active service committed an offense under section 5 of the Army Act, provided that when the offence is committed with the intention of assisting the enemy the person convicted by a court martial shall be liable to suffer death. A court martial, or court of summary jurisdiction may be authorised in addition to other punishment to order the forfeiture of goods.
(From Embarkation Rolls)
Private Clifford Arnold Bailey, West Maitland, 18th Infantry Battalion, 1st Reinforcements
Private William Barrett, Pelaw Main, 17th Infantry Battalion, 1st Reinforcements
Private Andrew George, Stewarts Brook, 17th Infantry Battalion, 1st Reinforcements
Private George Gordon Haydon, Muswellbrook, 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment, 8th Reinforcements
Private William Francis Holloway, Waratah, 26th Infantry Battalion
Private George Lawrence Valentine Tarrant, Hamilton, 20th Infantry Battalion, 2nd Reinforcements
Private Harry Wills, Cessnock, 18th Infantry Battalion, 7th Reinforcements